Concepts

Early Exercise of Options
May 30, 2017
Concepts

Early Exercise of Options

Martin Noël

Holding shares in a company gives the shareholder the following rights:*The right to transfer ownership, *The right to dividends, *Voting rights, and *The right to residual income and assets. What this means is that shareholders are free to sell their shares, take dividends when they are paid, vote at shareholder meetings and...

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4 weeks ago
Call Put Parity: How to Transform Your Positions
May 17, 2017
Concepts

Call Put Parity: How to Transform Your Positions

Martin Noël

I have been told frequently – and surely so have you – that selling cash-secured puts is a very risky strategy. Haven’t you? The main reason put forward for not using this strategy is that you could be forced to buy the security, even if the company had just gone bankrupt. In this light, the strategy rightly raises fears....

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1 month ago
Delta: Assessing Probabilities Based on the Break-even price
May 07, 2017
Concepts

Delta: Assessing Probabilities Based on the Break-even price

Martin Noël

As we saw in an earlier article, delta measures how much an option’s price moves in relation to a change in the price of the underlying asset. Delta is a variable from the Black-Scholes option pricing model, and it is also used in the industry as an approximation of the probability that the option will be in-the-money at...

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2 months ago
Purchasing Put Options or Selling Call Options to Protect Oneself? (Third and Last Part)
May 02, 2017
Concepts

Purchasing Put Options or Selling Call Options to Protect Oneself? (Third and Last Part)

Martin Noël

In the two previous articles, we compared purchasing put options as a protective strategy with selling covered call options. The first article used options with monthly expirations, and the second article used options expiring after our period of analysis, from April 17, 2015 to January 22, 2016. In both cases, the analysis led...

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2 months ago
Add (ONEX)tra upside without putting on extra downside
April 05, 2017
Bullish Outlook

Add (ONEX)tra upside without putting on extra downside

Christopher Thom

Onex is a stock that has done very well over the long term. Since going public in 1996, the stock has had an annualized total return over 16%. The company places emphasis on managers owning stock and investing alongside shareholders – this is something I like to look for when investing in a company. For an investor who...

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3 months ago
The Greeks – Vega
April 05, 2017
Concepts

The Greeks – Vega

Martin Noël

This week, we will look at another Greek variable, called vega. Vega measures the amount that an option contract’s price changes in response to a change in the volatility of the underlying asset. You will recall that an option’s time value is influenced by the time remaining until expiration and by the implied volatility of...

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3 months ago
The Greeks: Theta
March 28, 2017
Concepts

The Greeks: Theta

Martin Noël

This week, we will look at another Greek variable: theta. Theta measures the change in the price of an option following a change in the time remaining to its expiration. You will recall that an option’s premium has two components: intrinsic value and time value. But since an option that has reached expiration has run out of...

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3 months ago
The Greeks: Gamma
March 23, 2017
Concepts

The Greeks: Gamma

Martin Noël

Our last article showed how delta could help predict the future value of options following a change in the price of the underlying asset. We also learned that delta gives an indication of the equivalent stock position (ESP) on the underlying asset. Gamma Gamma measures the change in the value of delta relative to a change in...

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3 months ago
The Greeks: Delta
March 17, 2017
Concepts

The Greeks: Delta

Martin Noël

In the last few articles, we have seen that there are several variables that have an impact on the value of options. This table illustrates how an increase in one of the variables affects the values of call and put options. As you can see, with all other things being equal, when one of the variables moves, we should expect the...

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3 months ago
Term Structure of Implied  Volatility
March 04, 2017
Concepts

Term Structure of Implied Volatility

Martin Noël

Changes in implied volatility provide information on options market participants’ expectations regarding future fluctuations in returns on a specific stock. For the purposes of this discussion, we will analyze volatility in the stock price of the Great Canadian Gaming Corporation (GC), which closed at $23.79 on February 24,...

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4 months ago